Core geographic knowledge and skills
Understand, explain and apply the NGS-related foundational concepts of Human Societies and Spatiality, Physical Environments, Human-Environmental Interaction, Regional Geography, Critical Spatial Thinking, and Effective Communication.
Geographic Information Science
Explain the fundamental theories underlying geospatial technologies, and correlate them to the data models and procedures implemented in those technologies (NGS Standard 2, BoK Knowledge Area CF: Conceptual Foundations)
Geospatial Data Acquisition and Management
Acquire and manage geospatial data as appropriate to a given application, using the proper sources, data models, and data formats (NGS standard 1; NGS Skill 2: acquiring geographic information and 3: organizing geographic information; BoK Knowledge Areas GD: Geospatial Data, DA: Design Aspects, DM: Data Models).
Geospatial Data Analysis
Analyze geospatial data to accomplish geographic tasks in scientific research and/or decision support, by applying spatial thinking principles using geospatial analysis procedures (GIS, RS, statistical) (NGS Standard 3; NGS skill 4: analyzing geographic information; BoK Knowledge Area AM: Analytical Methods)
Design quality maps to visualize and communicate geographic information and analysis results (NGS standard 1; NGS skill 5: answering geographic questions; BoK Knowledge Area CV: Cartography and Visualization).
Create programs and scripts to automate geospatial tasks and implement geographic concepts (NGS skill 5: answering geographic questions; BoK Unit DA6: Application Design)