Appreciation for How the Human Body Functions
Describe how the human body functions and maintain homeostasis during the increased metabolic demands of exercise.
Describe the function of sympathetic, parasympathetic, and somatic motor neurons, including differences in structure, neurotransmitters, receptors and efferent organs.
Depolarization of Skeletal Muscle
Describe the depolarization of skeletal muscle beginning at the spinal cord and ending with the contraction of the muscle fiber.
Skeletal Muscle Fiber Types
Describe the anatomical, physiological, and functional differences between the three types of human skeletal muscle fibers.
Describe the normal anatomy and physiology of the heart, blood, and blood vessels; describe the normal function of the cardiovascular system at rest and during exercise.
Transportation and Diffusion of O2 and CO2
Describe the transportation and diffusion of O2 and CO2 through the pulmonary and systemic circuits at rest and during exercise.
Anaerobic and Aerobic Metabolic Pathways
Describe the substrates used, amount and rate of ATP resynthesized, metabolic end products, and control of anaerobic and aerobic metabolic pathways.
Describe the interaction of the nervous, muscle, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and metabolic systems at rest and during exercise.
Adaptation to Physical Conditioning
Describe the responses to acute bouts of exercise and the mechanisms of the observed response, and the physiological adaptations which occur as a result of physical conditioning.
Principles of Physical Conditioning
Describe the physiological rationale for applying the eight principles of physical conditioning to improve health, fitness, and performance.