Recognizing and Naming Classes
Recognize functional group classes commonly encountered in organic chemistry and name representative molecules from each class using IUPAC rules for organic nomenclature.
Structure and Reactivity Prediction
Predict structure and reactivity of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers, epoxides, and alkylhalides based on such factors as carbon atom hybridization, bond length, bond strength, and bond polarity.
Curved Arrow Mechanisms
Recognize and provide curved arrow mechanisms for the following types of organic reactions: additions, substitutions, and eliminations.
Predict the energetically preferred conformation for straight-chain and branched alkanes, and for substituted cycloalkanes.
R and S Configurations/Distinguishers
Determine R and S configurations for chiral molecules and distinguish between enantiomers, diastereomers, meso compounds, and conformational isomers.
Mass Spectra Determining Molecule Structure
Interpret 1H NMR, 13C NMR, IR, UV, and mass spectra and use these data to determine the structure of organic molecules.
Relative Energy Prediction
Predict the relative energies of reactive intermediates such as radicals, carbocations, and carbanions, based on structural considerations such as orbital hybridization, hyperconjugation, and resonance stabilization.