Cultural and linguistic differences
Effects of cultural and linguistic differences on growth and development.
Characteristics of culture
Characteristics of one's own culture and use of language and the ways in which these can differ from other cultures and uses of languages.
Communicating among cultures
Ways of behaving and communicating among cultures that can lead to misinterpretation and misunderstanding.
Augmentative and assistive communication strategies
Augmentative and assistive communication strategies.
Language development and listening comprehension
Impact of language development and listening comprehension on academic and non-academic learning of individuals with disabilities.
Communication and social interaction alternatives
Communication and social interaction alternatives for individuals who are nonspeaking.
Strategies to support and enhance communication skills
Use strategies to support and enhance communication skills of individuals with exceptional learning needs.
Communication strategies and resources
Use communication strategies and resources to facilitate understanding of subject matter for students whose primary language is not the dominant language.
Instructional and assistive technology
Incorporate and implement instructional and assistive technology into the educational program.
Appropriate adaptations and assistive technology
Use appropriate adaptations and assistive technology for all individuals with disabilities.
Use and maintain assistive technologies.
Monitoring for errors in oral and written languages
Teach individuals with disabilities to monitor for errors in oral and written language.
Alternative and augmentative communication systems
Plan instruction on the use of alternative and augmentative communication systems.
Develop and use a technology plan based on adaptive technology assessment.