Historical Geology

Historical Geology
Developmental history of the earth, its landforms, and life forms, emphasizing the North American continent. Field trips and lab studies.
 Hours4.0 Credit, 3.0 Lecture, 2.0 Lab
 PrerequisitesGEOL 111
 ProgramsContaining GEOL 112
Course Outcomes


Demonstrate understanding of the fundamentals of uniformitarianism and the scientific methods for determining the relative and absolute ages of Earth materials and events.

Sedimentary Rock Record

Demonstrate a basic understanding of the origin and historical significance of sedimentary rocks. Be able to identify common clastic and non-clastic sedimentary rock types in hand sample and on outcrop. Be able to determine the depositional environment from rock type and outcrop pattern. Understand the age and significance of Sloss' depositional sequences.

The Record of Life

Be able to recognize the nature and mode of fossil preservation. Be able to identify the major invertebrate fossil groups and signify the environmental significance of each. Use fossils to recognize the age of sedimentary strata.

Descent with Modification

Demonstrate a basic knowledge of organic evolution including the key concepts of natural selection and its role in producing the fossil record. Be able to explain the evidence that led Darwin to the theory of natural selection as well as post-Darwinian discoveries.

Ecological Evolution

Understand that modern Earth is a product of the coevolution of the biosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere over 4.6 billion years of earth history. Demonstrate knowledge of key biological, depositional, tectonic, and climatic events in the context of the geological timescale.

Geological Maps

Be able to decipher the geological history of an area from a geological map.

Communicating Science

Demonstrate mastery of a scientific concept and ability to convey that concept to a body of peers using PowerPoint and/or other professional means.